15 Early Stage Researcher positions available

Etna - field activity

All positions last for three years, starting from March 2022

Who can apply:

Candidates must meet the following requisites:

  1. Be of any nationality, but not having resided or carried out their main activity (job, studies, …) in the country of appointment for more than 1 year in the past 3 years.
  2. Be within 4 years from the degree that in their country, or in the country of appointment, gives access to a PhD.
  3. Not having completed a PhD at start of contract. Current PhD students can apply.

How to apply:

Refer to the contact indicated for each one of the available positions (see below).

Download the brochure for quick information on the available positions.
Read more about IMPROVE ESRs.

 

SupervisorGiuseppe Puglisi
Co-tutorsA. Bonforte, F. Cannavò, R.A. Corsaro, E. Privitera, L. Zuccarello, P. Montalto, D. Reitano, C.P. Montagna (INGV), M. James, S. Lane (ULANC), F. Sigmundsson (UI), C. Bean (DIAS)
ObjectivesTo constrain the structure and dynamics of the active plumbing system and the shallow volcano edifice
To analyse high-frequency GPS data and evaluate their extended use to intermediate frequencies
Expected resultsIntegration of in-situ (GPS, tilt) and satellite (InSAR) ground deformation data
Analysis of high-frequency GPS and tilt data and comparison with broad-band seismic data, in cooperation with ESRs #8, 10
Implementation of a multi-parametric data-base
Comparison of ground deformation data and numerical results, in cooperation with ESRs #2, 14
Exploitation and transfer of results for technological innovation
Application to Etna of methods and results developed for Krafla by ESRs#6,13
Definition of a coherent conceptual model of Etna structure and behaviour
Planned secondmentsUI: two months, under the supervision of F. Sigmundsson, for training on the use of numerical models in volcano deformation studies
ULANC: one month, under the supervision of M. James and S. Lane, for comparison of deformation data with experimental analogue results
DIAS: two months, under the supervision of C. Bean, on the integration of seismic and deformation data and models
ContactGiuseppe Puglisi, giuseppe.puglisi(at)ingv.it

SupervisorPaolo Papale
Co-tutorsC.P. Montagna, A. Longo, G. Saccorotti (INGV), C. Benitez (UGR)
ObjectivesTo model time-dependent 2D/3D coupled magma and rock dynamics during multi-component magma (natural and forced) convection and mixing in geometrically complex magma chamber-dyke systems
To obtain synthetic space-time series of gravity anomaly and ground deformation, and compare them with experimental and real signals
To identify sets of geophysical signals diagnostic of magma movements at depth
Expected resultsSet of numerical simulations and visualization of coupled magma and rock dynamics
Development of a database of numerical results
Analysis of the numerical results and identification of meaningful patterns, in cooperation with ESRs #1, 14
Comparative analysis of numerical, experimental and recorded ground displacements over continuous time scales from less than 1 s to hours, in cooperation with ESRs #1, 7, 10 and 14
Identification of sets of geophysical signals diagnostic of magmatic movements at depth
Transfer to the Krafla case (to ESR#3) of the results at points 4 and 5
Planned secondmentsUGR: four months, under the supervision of C. Benitez, for advanced training and cooperation on massive data analysis and pattern recognition, and for comparative analyses of synthetic and recorded geophysical space-time series
ContactPaolo Papale, paolo.papale(at)ingv.it

SupervisorPaolo Papale
Co-tutorsA. Longo, C.P. Montagna (INGV), M.T. Gudmundsson (UI), S. Markusson (LV)
ObjectivesTo constrain the dynamics and thermo-mechanical properties of the shallow magmatic body and its relationships with the deeper magmatic system
Expected results2D/3D numerical simulations of the thermo-fluid dynamics of magmas involved in the generation and evolution of the shallow system at Krafla
Development of a database of numerical results
Constraints on the dynamic conditions necessary for melt existence at shallow depth
Application to the Krafla case of the methods developed by ESRs#2, 14, for Etna
Constraints on the thermo-mechanical properties of the shallow magma, for use in thermal modelling and inverse source modelling by ESRs #5, 6, 7, 11, 13
Planned secondmentsUI and LV: three months under the combined supervision of M.T. Gudmundsson and S. Markusson, to acquire across the Krafla field experiment data and knowledge on the thermal state at Krafla; and to compare and test the numerical results with the results from ESR #5
ContactPaolo Papale, paolo.papale(at)ingv.it

SupervisorJacopo Taddeucci
Co-tutorsG. Salerno, P. Scarlato, (INGV), M.T Gudmundsson (UI), C. Bean (DIAS), S. Lane and M. James (ULANC)
ObjectivesTo asses the fundamental parameters that control the different modes of active degassing and their transitions at mafic volcanoes
To evaluate degassing in comparison with ground displacement and acoustic data as well as numerical results, test interpretations and constrain an overall conceptual model of magma and volcano dynamics
Expected resultsDatabase of ground-based multispectral remote sensing measurements of active degassing (Ultraviolet and FTIR spectroscopy/imaging, thermal and visible high-speed imaging, infrasonic measurements)
Inventory of gas pocket properties during active degassing of mafic magma, in terms of size, composition, pressure, source depth, and explosion depth
Analysis of fluctuations in volcano degassing, and comparison with geophysical data and numerical results
Assessment of source-explosion depths and gas/melt ratios
Definition of a conceptual model of active degassing and its controlling factors
Evaluation of technological development needs, and transfer to technological partners
Planned secondmentsDIAS: one month, under the supervision of C. Bean, on geophysical signal interpretation and modelling in relation to magma degassing
ULANC: one month, under the supervision of M. James and S. Lane, to perform analogue experiments on slug rise under variable pressure conditions
UI: one month, under the supervision of M.T. Gudmundsson, to expand the database of active degassing with past (or potentially current) cases from Icelandic volcanoes, as well as to expand expertise in time series processing techniques
ContactJacopo Taddeucci, Jacopo.taddeucci(at)ingv.it

SupervisorMagnús T. Gudmundssson
Co-tutorsG. Axelsson (UI), J. Vandemeulebrouck (ISTerre), E. Júlíusson (LV)
ObjectivesTo quantify and model with analytical and numerical fluid/heat transfer software the thermal effects of major intrusive events on the geothermal reservoir within a volcanic geothermal area
To assess using heat transfer modelling the importance of intrusive activity in maintaining a high temperature geothermal area
Expected resultsAssessment of the energy input into the Krafla reservoir from the Krafla fires, and changes in temperature, pressure and steam content of the geothermal reservoir as a result of the fires
Development of a numerical model for transient changes at time scales of weeks to decades
Assessment of the interplay between exploitation, natural heat loss and the heat input from the intrusive activity
Planned secondmentsLV: one month following the Krafla experiment, to revise industrial surface and borehole thermal data
ISTerre: three months, under the supervision of J. Vandemeulebrouck, on heat flow measurements and modelling of thermal output
INGV: two months, under supervision of C.P. Montagna and P. Papale, on heat transfer modelling from magma to host rock, and to compare results with those of ESR #3
ContactMagnús T. Gudmundssson, mtg(at)hi.is

SupervisorFreysteinn Sigmundsson
Co-tutorsH. Geirsson (UI), J. Gottsman (UNIVBRIS), G. Puglisi (INGV)
ObjectivesTo constrain realistic Earth parameters from multiple techniques including borehole, gravity, seismic tomography, thermal structure and resistivity data, and develop a 3D model of the elastic, visco- and poro-elastic structure of the area
To interpret shallow deformation signals and their origin from geothermal utilization and natural processes
To improve modelling of past and present deformation processes
Expected results3D model of the elastic, viscous and visco-elastic structure of the Krafla caldera
Database of deformation data and rock properties
Evaluation of the poro-elastic properties of the geothermal field
Updated surface deformation maps from GPS, levelling, and InSAR data
Re-evaluation of past and present deformation source parameters
Transfer and exploitation of results into the operational/conceptual model of the Krafla geothermal reservoir; transfer to the Etna case (to ESR#1) of the methods and results at point 5
Planned secondmentsINGV: two months at the Etna Observatory, under the supervision of G. Puglisi and A. Bonforte, to learn the SISTEM joint InSAR-GPS approach and expand training on deformation processes at a stratovolcano (as compared to the Krafla caldera)
UNIVBRIS: four months, under the supervision of J. Gottsmann, to improve knowledge of finite element modelling of volcanic systems
ContactFreysteinn Sigmundsson, fs(at)hi.is

SupervisorChris Bean
Co-tutorsI. Lokmer (DIAS), P. Jousset (GFZ); C. Benitez (UGR); B. Scheu (LMU); P. Hill (GSL)
ObjectivesTo explore current limits and potential of seismic exploration techniques, including seismic reflections from natural and industrial seismic noise and earthquake sources, through comparison with unique knowledge of chamber roof location from drilling
To use new techniques to extract body waves from noise correlation seismograms. These seismograms will be usedin an effort to detected the magma-rock interface using a reflection seismic configuration
coda wave interferometry will be applied to the these seismograms to track time-lapse changes in bulk seismic wave velocity
To deploy state-of-the-art borehole seismometers (in collaboration with GSL) as a complement to the surface seismic network, and test additional technological developments (developed by GSL) of high temperature and corrosion resistant seismic sensors
Expected resultsConstraints on expected magma-rock reflection coefficients from laboratory measurements, numerical modelling, and theoretical estimates, in cooperation with ESRs #3, 9
Development of a database of seismic data
Imaging of the interface between magma and host rock using ambient noise
Separation of noise source effects from changes in the medium, and time-lapse seismic monitoring of the interface
Advanced signal processing (signal recognition) in the field and laboratory, in cooperation with ESR #14
Application to the Krafla case of the methods and results developed for Etna by ESRs #8,14
Transfer to the Etna case (to ESR#8) of the methods and results at points 3, 4, 5
Planned secondmentsGSL: one month before the Krafla experiment, under supervision by P. Hill, to develop understanding of the capabilities and limitations of the borehole seismometer and plan for its deployment at Krafla
GFZ: two months, under supervision of P. Jousset, to expand knowledge on data processing for time-lapse technique, cooperate with ESR #13 on time-lapse gravity analyses, and learn about gravity data processing
LMU: three months, under supervision of B. Scheu, to cooperate with ESR #9 before the Krafla experiment in measurements of petro-physical properties of host rocks and magma with the aim of determining reflection coefficients for magma/rock interfaces; and to revisit the laboratory after initial analysis of field data
ContactChris Bean, chris.bean(at)dias.ie

SupervisorChris Bean
Co-tutorsI. Lokmer (DIAS), M.James, S. Lane (ULANC); L. Zuccarello (INGV)
ObjectivesTo use near field analysis methods to search for static deformations in output data from laboratory experiments (in collaboration with ESR #10)
To apply coda wave interferometry to look for seismic signatures associated with known deformation in analogues models (this will also help calibrate the results of ERS#7
To relate sub-surface processes to surface changes, focussing on frequencies within the transitional window between conventional ground deformation and seismic investigations
Expected resultsTracking of time-dependent experimental volcano deformation, developed by ESR #10, using time-lapse seismic methods (e.g. coda wave interferometry)
In cooperation withESR #10: laboratory controls onthe conditions under which different processes (intrusions, gravitational instability) contribute to surface deformations
how these processes can be observed through their ‘outputs’ (e.g. silent deformation, low frequency seismic radiation, high frequency seismic radiation)
the processes that lead to the greatest time lapse changes (as seen through seismic coda wave interferometry)
controls of transitions between ductile and brittle deformation on our ability to sense both surface and sub-surface processes, with a focus on frequencies transitional between conventional seismic and ground deformation disciplines
Deployment of a complementary small (3-5 instruments) Broad Band network in the summit area of Mt Etna, left in place for several months to look for near-field seismic effects associated with edifice surface deformation
Database of field and lab seismic data
Field observations constrained by learning from the laboratory simulations
Application to the Etna case of the methods developed at Krafla by ESR#7
Planned secondmentsINGV: two months across the Etna field experiment, under supervision by L. Zuccarello, to expand knowledge on seismic data handling and install the seismometers supplied by DIAS on Etna’s upper edifice
ULANC: three months, under supervision of M. James and S. Lane, to building and running analogue experiments in cooperation with ESR #10
ContactChris Bean, chris.bean(at)dias.ie

SupervisorBettina Scheu
Co-tutorsJ. Vandemeulebrouck, (ISTerre), S. Markusson (LV), C. Bean (DIAS), P. Jousset (GFZ)
ObjectivesTo determine permeability and resultant volatile flux as well as their evolution with respect to petrology and alteration, in the shallow geothermal field down to the magma/rock interface (<2 km depth)
To link volatile flux through a characterized permeable network to seismic patterns and their evolution in time
Expected resultsLab-based physico-chemical and textural characterization of surface, subsurface & magmatic rocks
Determination of the effects of hydrothermal alteration on petrophysical properties (density, porosity, permeability, strength)
Measurements of seismo-acoustic (AE) patterns on samples subject to volatile flux, and map of such patterns linked to rock characteristics
Analysis of AE patterns for different volatiles (inert gas, steam, and liquid water) percolating through the same permeable network at HP, HT conditions
Database of rock properties and lab measurements
Development of a protocol to discriminate regime-volatile pairs and comparison with logging data from geothermal wells
Identification of critical conditions and precursors which may point to changes in the system (e.g. condensation or superheated regime)
In cooperation with ESRs #7, 12, 13 and 15, use of the lab results into geochemical and geophysical mapping and imaging of the underground
Planned secondmentsDIAS: one month, under the supervision of C. Bean, on inversion of laboratory seismic /AE data and for insights the analysis of field and logging data
ISTerre: two months, under the supervision of J. Vandemeulebrouck, on the processing of seismic / AE signals of hydrothermal fluid percolating through altered rocks and measurements of electrical signatures of alteration
INGV-BO: one month, under the supervision of G. Chiodini, to familiarize with the geochemical conceptual model of Krafla geothermal system and, the composition of hydrothermal gases and volatiles and the computation of their flux
GFZ: one month, under the supervision of P. Jousset, to link to the GFZ geothermal group in the light of seismic /AE data and rock physics at HT
LV: 1.5 months, under the supervision of S. Markusson, to review existing data sets on alteration from geothermal wells and integrate with new data sets to be collected; and on the interpretation of laboratory results in concert with logging data
ContactBettina Scheu, b.scheu(at)lmu.de

APPLY HERE: https://hr-jobs.lancs.ac.uk/Vacancy.aspx?ref=A3562

Supervisor Steve Lane
Co-tutorsM. James, J. Gilbert, H. Tuffen (ULANC), C. Bean (DIAS), G. Puglisi and F. Cannavò (INGV), C. Benitez (UGR)
ObjectivesTo determine the role of subsurface processes responsible for surface changes, focussing on frequencies within the transitional window between conventional ground deformation and seismic investigations
To derive a new interpretation on the role of drivers (e.g. intrusions, gravitational instability, hydrothermal system) on measurable surface deformations, with a focus on frequencies lower than seismic
Expected resultsDefinition and set up of an analogue experimental approach to investigate ground deformation processes over a range of frequencies and rheological response, with sub-surface heterogeneities and brittle/ductile behaviours
Laboratory controls on the conditions under which different processes (intrusions, gravitational instability) contribute to surface deformations
Laboratory controls on how these processes can be observed through their ‘outputs’, with a focus on frequencies lower than those generally associated with seismic measurement
Database of lab-based measurements
In cooperation with ESRs #1, 2, 8 and 14, review and analysis of GPS time-series data from Mt. Etna at high (1 Hz) and very high (20 Hz) frequency to separate the noise components from the meaningful signal, and comparison with lab-generated deformation signals
In cooperation with ESRs # 1, 2, and 8, new interpretations of measured surface deformation at Etna, spanning seismic to lower frequencie
Transfer to Krafla (to ESR#7) of the results at point 6
Planned secondmentsDIAS: two months, under the supervision of C. Bean, on the topic of seismic experimentation, seismic data processing and analysis and time lapse seismic monitoring methodology
UGR: one month, under the supervision of C. Benitez, on the topic of advanced tools for analysing high frequency lab and real deformation data
INGV: two months at the Etna Observatory, under the supervision of G. Puglisi and F. Cannavò, to compare the experimental results with GPS data over frequencies from 20 Hz to quasi-static
ContactMike James, m.james(at)lancaster.ac.uk

APPLY HERE: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/earthsciences/courses/postgraduate/phd-research.html

SupervisorJo Gottsmann
Co-tutorsC. Bean (DIAS), M.T. Gudmundsson (UI), S. Markusson (LV), J. Vandemeulebrouck, (ISTerre), P. Jousset (GFZ)
ObjectivesTo construct a 3D model of the shallow (<5 km depth ) subsurface density distribution by inverting existing and new gravity anomaly data combined with other multi-parametric data
To investigate the short and mid-term evolution of the sub-volcanic system from continuous and time-lapse gravimetric observations
Expected resultsHigh precision Bouguer anomaly map and subsurface density distribution model, compared and checked with borehole and other geophysical data/models
Spatio-temporal model for the evolution of shallow-seated magmatic and hydrothermal reservoirs
3D mechanical crustal model, in cooperation with ESRs #5, 7, 12, 13
Database of static and continuous gravity data
Development of a conceptual model of how the subsurface structure controls the dynamic behaviour of the caldera, from comparison and contrast of inversion models from dynamic and static data in cooperation with ESRs #7, 12, 13
Transfer of results into constraints to volcano deformation modelling by ESR #6
Exploitation and transfer of technological innovation resulting from the project in the field of geophysics and volcanology
Planned secondmentsUI and LV: one month across the Krafla field experiment, under the supervision of M.T. Gudmundsson (UI) and S. Markusson (LV), to review existing gravimetric data sets from Krafla and integrate with new data sets to be collected during this project, planning and development of field surveys
DIAS: one month, under the supervision of C. Bean, on the topic of seismic experimentation, seismic data processing and analysis and time lapse seismic monitoring methodology
ISTerre: one and a half month, under the supervision of J. Vandemeulebrouck, to compare and contrast gravimetric, electric and electromagnetic data sets to construct a models of the shallow subsurface density and resistivity distribution
GFZ: one month, under the supervision of P. Jousset, to compare and contrast static and dynamic gravity data and resulting models with GFZ’s continuous gravimetric records
UI: one month, under the supervision of F. Sigmundsson, to interpret the density distribution models and construct the crustal mechanical model
ContactJo Gottsmann, j.gottsmann(at)bristol.ac.uk

SupervisorJean Vandemeulebrouck
Co-tutorsS. Garambois (ISTerre), F. Sigmundsson (UI), S. Markusson (LV)
ObjectivesTo advance multiscale and multi-method (electrical, seismic, magneto-telluric) imaging of volcanic structures
To monitor and locate seismic activity with a dense seismic network
To decipher the effect of fluid substitution on seismic and resistivity attributes, with application to geothermal exploration and exploitation
To obtain high-resolution geophysical imaging of Krafla’s upper geothermal system using new algorithms based on data fusion and joint interpretation of geophysical data
Expected resultsMultiphysical imaging (resistivity, seismic velocity & attenuation) at both small scale (depth up to 500 m) and large scale (up to 5km)
Interpretation of structures and model of shallow-seated magmatic and geothermal reservoirs
Database of electric and seismic measurements
Assessment of the electric and seismic signatures related to the recent evolution of the system (both Krafla fires and geothermal exploitation), in cooperation with ESRs #4 and 6
Development of data fusion and joint interpretation algorithms for application at Krafla
Link between rock physics and fluid substitution effects on geophysical attributes (e.g. poroelastic approaches for seismic attributes)
Improved 3D model of subsurface through coupled inversion of multi-parametric dataset, in cooperation with ESR #12
High-resolution monitoring of seismic activity during short periods and link with fluids
Planned secondmentsUI and LV: two months across the Krafla field experiment, under the supervision of F. Sigmundsson (UI) and S. Markusson (LV), for compilation of existing geophysical data sets from Krafla and integration with new data sets and geological knowledge. Additionally, the ESR will get in contact with K. Arnasson from the Icelandic Geosurvey (ISOR) for access to multi-parametric datasets on Krafla
UNIVBRIS: one month, under the supervision of J. Gottsmann, to get familiar with gravity modelling and start acquiring multiple inversion capabilities
DIAS: one month, under the supervision of C. Bean, to get familiar with inverse theory and start acquiring multiple inversion capabilities
INGV: one month, under the supervision of G. Chiodini and T. Ricci, for the integration of resistivity model into multi-phase multi-components modelling of fluid flow circulation
ContactJean Vandemeulebrouck, jean.vandemeulebrouck(at)univ-smb.fr

APPLY HERE: https://www.gfz-potsdam.de/karriere/stellenangebote/job-detail/5531/

SupervisorPhilippe Jousset
Co-tutorsF. Sigmundsson (UI), S. Markusson (LV), J. Gottsman (UNIVBRIS), B. Scheu (LMU), P. Papale (INGV), C. Bean (DIAS)
ObjectivesTo deploy a network of at least 5 multi-parameter stations around the Krafla geothermal system (each station includes an iGrav superconducting gravity meter or a performant spring gravity meter, a broad-band seismometer, a GPS receiver, a meteorological station, and other (in particular hydrological) sensors required to monitor mass movement at the shallow surface)
To determine subsurface mass and energy transfer from multi-parameter continuous signals, and develop a model of mass (fluid) displacement in the hydrothermal reservoirs
To define the relative roles in mass and energy transfer of anthropogenic (injection/extraction) and natural sources
Expected resultsAccurate Earth tide model for the Krafla area
Database of multi-parametric measurements (gravity, broad-band seismicity, GPS, meteorological and hydrological data)
Multi-parametric data analysis, inversion and interpretation, in cooperation with ESRs #6 for GPS and InSAR measurements, #7 for seismic signals and moment tensor inversion, #9 for shallow soil permeability and deeper rock properties and modelling, #11 for gravity measurements
Modelling of mass (fluid) displacement in the hydrothermal reservoirs
Assessment of the relative roles in mass and energy transfer of anthropogenic (injection/extraction) and natural sources
Transfer to the Etna case (to ESR#1) of the methods and results at points 3, 4, 5
Planned secondmentsUI and LV: two months across the Krafla field experiment, under the supervision of F.Sigmundsson (UI) and S. Markusson (LV), to access the geothermal site and establish links with the industrial partner LV, review the existing data sets from Krafla, in cooperation with ESR #12, and contribute to the operations to install and run the multi-parametric observation network
UNIVBRIS: one month, under the supervision of J. Gottsmann, to get familiar with gravity data analysis and integration of multiple data and start cooperation with ESR #11
LMU: half a month before end of year 1, under the supervision of B. Scheu, to review methods of permeability measurements and interpretation and start cooperation with ESR #9
DIAS: one month, under the supervision of C. Bean, to learn about moment tensor inversion in seismology and start collaborating with ESR #7 for integration of seismology and gravity signals
INGV: one month, under the supervision of P. Papale, to acquire experience in volcano-monitoring systems in comparison with geothermal monitoring, and learn modelling techniques, in particular modelling of underground mass movements and associated gravity signals
ContactPhilippe Jousset, philippe.jousset(at)gfz-potsdam.de

APPLY HERE: https://euraxess.ec.europa.eu/jobs/691536

SupervisorPhilippe Jousset
Co-tutorsF. Sigmundsson (UI), S. Markusson (LV), J. Gottsman (UNIVBRIS), B. Scheu (LMU), P. Papale (INGV), C. Bean (DIAS)
ObjectivesTo deploy a network of at least 5 multi-parameter stations around the Krafla geothermal system (each station includes an iGrav superconducting gravity meter or a performant spring gravity meter, a broad-band seismometer, a GPS receiver, a meteorological station, and other (in particular hydrological) sensors required to monitor mass movement at the shallow surface)
To determine subsurface mass and energy transfer from multi-parameter continuous signals, and develop a model of mass (fluid) displacement in the hydrothermal reservoirs
To define the relative roles in mass and energy transfer of anthropogenic (injection/extraction) and natural sources
Expected resultsAccurate Earth tide model for the Krafla area
Database of multi-parametric measurements (gravity, broad-band seismicity, GPS, meteorological and hydrological data)
Multi-parametric data analysis, inversion and interpretation, in cooperation with ESRs #6 for GPS and InSAR measurements, #7 for seismic signals and moment tensor inversion, #9 for shallow soil permeability and deeper rock properties and modelling, #11 for gravity measurements
Modelling of mass (fluid) displacement in the hydrothermal reservoirs
Assessment of the relative roles in mass and energy transfer of anthropogenic (injection/extraction) and natural sources
Transfer to the Etna case (to ESR#1) of the methods and results at points 3, 4, 5
Planned secondmentsUI and LV: two months across the Krafla field experiment, under the supervision of F.Sigmundsson (UI) and S. Markusson (LV), to access the geothermal site and establish links with the industrial partner LV, review the existing data sets from Krafla, in cooperation with ESR #12, and contribute to the operations to install and run the multi-parametric observation network
UNIVBRIS: one month, under the supervision of J. Gottsmann, to get familiar with gravity data analysis and integration of multiple data and start cooperation with ESR #11
LMU: half a month before end of year 1, under the supervision of B. Scheu, to review methods of permeability measurements and interpretation and start cooperation with ESR #9
DIAS: one month, under the supervision of C. Bean, to learn about moment tensor inversion in seismology and start collaborating with ESR #7 for integration of seismology and gravity signals
INGV: one month, under the supervision of P. Papale, to acquire experience in volcano-monitoring systems in comparison with geothermal monitoring, and learn modelling techniques, in particular modelling of underground mass movements and associated gravity signals
ContactPhilippe Jousset, philippe.jousset(at)gfz-potsdam.de

SupervisorCarmen Benitez
Co-tutorsJ. Camacho (UGR), M. James (ULANC), F. Cànnavo, L. Zuccarello, P. Papale, C. Montagna (INGV)
ObjectivesTo implement an automatic, real time system to analyze the data acquired by the different types of sensors
To mine ground displacement data from multiple sensors over broad frequency ranges to identify meaningful signals, in particular in frequency domains intermediate between those typical of seismicity and conventional deformation
To analyse synthetic (model produced) space-time series of ground displacement and compare them to real data
Expected resultsDevelopment of an automatic system to extract knowledge from real and synthetic space-time series of ground displacement dynamics over broad frequency ranges, in cooperation with ESRs #1, 2, 7 and 10
Assessment of the overlapping regions between different complementary sensors (broad-band seismometers, GPS, tiltmeters)
Assessment of the possibility to continuously cover through broad-band seismometers and GPS receivers the ground displacement frequency domain from >1 to <10-5 Hz (time domain from less than 1 s to more than one day), in cooperation with ESRs #1, 2, 7 and 10
Transfer to the Krafla case (to ESRs#3,7) of the methods and results at points 1, 2, 3
Planned secondmentsINGV: two months across the Etna field experiment, under the supervision of F. Cannavò and L. Zuccarello, to familiarízate with the multi-parametric monitoring network of Etna and start cooperation with ESR #1. This secondment includes participation to H24 monitoring protocols, seismic location procedures, and field visiting of the monitoring stations
ULANC: two months, under the supervision of M. James, on ground deformation signals over broad frequency ranges and their relationships with volcanic processes
INGV: two months, under the supervision of c.p. Montagna and P. Papale, to familiarízate with real and model-produced deformation signals at Etna and implement cooperation with ESR #2
ContactCarmen Benitez, carmen(at)ugr.es

SupervisorAntonio Costa
Co-tutorsG. Chiodini, T. Ricci, P. Papale (INGV), L. Coppo (WS), J. Vandemeulebrouck (ISTerre), S. Markusson (LV)
ObjectivesTo produce an advanced geochemical conceptual model of the geothermal system and physico-numerical model of hydrothermal circulation
To realize and test new instrumentation for volcano science and geothermal industry purposes
To provide the industrial partner LV with advanced knowledge of the geothermal system for revised energy exploitation strategies
Expected resultsEvaluation of techniques for the measurements of natural advective heat flux in geothermal systems
Assessment of the origin of carbon stored in hydrothermal calcite, and of hydrothermal metane
Definition of the geological CO2 flux
Critical review and application of CH4-CO2 carbon isotopes as a temperature geo-indicator
Development of a database of the measured quantities
Evaluation of the necessary specifics for a new instrument to measure gas/steam ratios and concentration of acidic (corrosive) elements in fumarolic and geothermal well fluids
Geochemical conceptual model of Krafla geothermal system
Physico-numerical model of trans-critical hydrothermal circulation dynamics
Transfer of the results to LV for revision and upgrade of geothermal energy exploitation strategies
Planned secondmentsISTerre: two months, under the supervision of J. Vandemeulebrouck, for training and cooperation on active geophysical exploration techniques applied to hydrothermal and geothermal systems
LV: 1.5 months, under the supervision of S. Markusson, to acquire data and knowledge on the Krafla geothermal system and provide results for subsequent industrial exploitation strategies
WS: 6 months, under the supervision of L. Coppo, to contribute to planning and engineering of a new instrument to measure gas/steam ratios and concentration of acidic (corrosive) elements in fumarolic and geothermal well fluids (expected result #6 above)
ContactAntonio Costa, antonio.costa(at)ingv.it

Read more about IMPROVE ESRs

The 15 recruited ESRs will develop their research in the frame of a highly cooperative, highly coordinated network, with complementary objectives achieved through individual as well as team work involving other ESRs as well as senior personnel from the hosting and partner institutions.
IMPROVE adopts a multi-disciplinary approach whereby geophysics, geochemistry, lab analysis and experiments, numerical modelling, massive data analysis and automatic signal processing, are exploited in a collaborative, coordinated effort with common objectives. Central elements are two multi-disciplinary, multi-parametric field experiments, at Krafla and Etna, exposing ESRs to professional volcanology engaging them in major research, monitoring and field training. All 15 ESRs participate in both experiments, maximizing training and collaboration, and engage in multiple Tasks according to a multi-disciplinary approach: each ESR is responsible for a specific Task reflecting individual research plan and objectives, and responsible for an ESRs’ team involved in that Task (see Table below), while participating in other teams.

WP N.TaskTeam of ESRs (responsible highlighted)
4 (Krafla)4.1 Krafla field experimentAll
4.2 Deformation model at Krafla6, 11, 13
4.3 Numerical simulation constraints on magma thermo-mechanics and processes 3, 5
4.4 Thermal evolution of the caldera and the geothermal system at Krafla3, 5, 15
4.5 Conceptual and semi-quantitative model of the geothermal system at Krafla5, 9, 11, 15
4.6 Permeability and volatile flux at the Krafla geothermal system, and links with seismo-acoustic patterns7, 9, 15
4.7 Assessment of present-day limits in imaging shallow magma reservoirs from multiple geophysical techniques7, 11, 12, 13
4.8 Assessment of shallow sub-surface density/mass distribution at Krafla3, 5, 11, 12, 13, 15
4.9 Assessment of subsurface mass/energy transfer at Krafla and relative roles of natural vs. anthropogenic sources3, 5, 11, 13, 15
4.10 High resolution geophysical imaging of Krafla sub-volcanic system from joint inversion of geophysical data6, 7, 11, 12, 13
5 (Etna)
5.1 Etna field experimentAll
5.2 Conceptual model of the plumbing system at Etna1, 4, 8, 10, 14
5.3 Magma degassing and its transition modes, and associated geochemical/geophysical signals at Etna1, 4, 8, 10
5.4 Automatic real-time system to analyze data by multiple monitoring sensors at Etna1 , 2, 8, 14
5.5 Volcano deformation dynamics at Etna from analogue experiments1, 8, 10
5.6 New methods and techniques for ground displacement analysis at intermediate frequencies 1, 2, 8, 10, 14
5.7 Definition of sets of geophysical signals diagnostic of deep magma movements at Etna1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 14

During the field experiments, and in repeated ESRs’ individual or group campaigns, the ESRs will make use of a highly professional, top quality ensemble of multi-parametric measurement devices for geophysical and geochemical data collection. Additional tools for top-level research by specific ESRs are represented by laboratory instruments, dedicated software for advanced data processing and numerical simulations, and for massive data analysis and pattern recognition. The overall research methodology is summarized in the scheme below.

Research methodology scheme

A description of the overall scientific and science-industry objectives, training program, dissemination & outreach program, and data management, can be found at the corresponding WP description here.

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